Any water that is treated to reduce hardness minerals to 1.0 grains per gallon (GPG) or 17.1 parts per million (ppm) or one (1) milligram per liter (Mg/L) or less, expressed as calcium carbonate. Hard water is probably the most common water problem found in the home.
According to the Water Quality Association of the United States, hard water is water that contains dissolved hardness minerals above 17 ppm (parts per million). The most common hardness causing minerals are Calcium and Magnesium that are dissolved in a water supply.
Levels of hardness Grains per gallon
- Less than 1 Soft
- 1 to 3.5 Slightly Hard
- 5 to 7.0 Moderately hard
- 0 to 10.5 Hard
- Greater than 10.5 Very hard water
Any Water Softener, Reverse Osmosis, Carbon Filtration, Electronic Wave, Ceramic Media can be called a Water Conditioner.
But is it a Water Softener?
Only a Water Softener can be called a Water Softener. Unless a Water Conditioner actually reduces the total hardness to less than 17 PPM or 1 Grain per Gallon it cannot legally be called a water softener. Conditioned water can be soft but not all water Conditioners are able to soften the water.
While we offer a plethora of systems and technologies on water hardness the U.S. EPA states only a Cation Exchange water softener can accomplish this.
You are advised to be certain that you understand exactly what benefits are claimed before you purchase any water conditioner device.
Does Physical Water Treatment Work? “Apparently Not” according to:
The National Water Quality Association (WQA) Magnetics Task Force Report in 2001
The United States Army Corps of Engineers, Public Works Technical Bulletin #420-49-34, 2001
Also check with the Gallery of water-related pseudoscience at the water Bunk-House here: Gallery of Water-Related Pseudoscience
Call the Arizona Water Quality Association at 480.947.9850 before ever investing one penny with any alternative company and ask their thoughts on “HOW-TO” soften water.
Also the United States CDC says only a Cation Exchange Water Softener can actually get your water below 1 grain of hardness.
This is the only technology that actually softens hard water. Softeners do not use salt…they use resin to remove hardness and NaCl (Salt) or KCL (Salt) or HCL (Acid) to simply clean the resin.
Water is used to rinse the salt down the drain (just like a clothes washer and soap). You Don’t Drink Salt.
You live in the SALT RIVER VALLEY…SALT is a natural mineral and is not a pollutant. The whole valley has a salt deposit .5 to 3 miles thick from the far West Valley to the East Valley from the Salt River stream bed to Deer Valley Road.
You can live without soft water…but it’s hard